Capital City
Constitutional Monarchy
Official Language
English, French
Recognized Languages
Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun
Canadian Dollar

Canada, as the largest country in North America, spans the bulk of the continent and exists as the world's second largest country although its population density is comparatively small. It shares a border with the United States and all others are water based. It is comprised of ten provinces (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland/Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick) and three territories (Nunavut, Northwest Territories, and the Yukon).

The country itself has various kinds of terrain including beaches, coasts, mountains, rolling hills, plains, and lakes from one coast to the other. The Rocky Mountains have a craggy cliff appearance accompanied with fresh water lakes, rivers, and streams. More treacherous terrain exists to the North where less of the land is developed.

Vegetation varies from one side of the country to another, including deciduous and coniferous trees, and four true seasons from one coast to the other. Along the coasts, seasons tend to be milder, more regulated by the ocean (particularly on the Pacific Ocean side) while inland seasons tend to be more extreme with temperatures varying wildly from one season to the next. Prairie provinces tend to vary considerably in their temperatures ranging from -50 C to 35 C.

Common activities vary from province to province, and with vastly different terrains, provinces and territories yield different activities for Canadians. Further, activities vary greatly with the seasons as most provinces experience four distinct seasons with varying temperatures.

Overall, most Canadians speak English with the exception of Quebec where the primary language is French. Further, Montreal is a city particularly divided by this language barrier with a general distrust between Anglophones and Francophones.

Unlike other countries worldwide, generally speaking, high levels of diversity lead to high levels of trust within Canadian cities. As a multicultural centre, culture is valued and given its heyday, encouraging immigrants to maintain some level of connection to their former culture. Consequently, areas of high cultural diversity tend to have higher levels of social trust (with the exception of Montreal).